Plastic Surgery

Posted October 31st, 2015 by Suzy

First, the definition of plastic surgery is: Surgical repair of congenital or acquired deformities and the restoration of contour to improve the appearance and function of tissue defects. The development of this specialized branch of surgery received impetus from the need to repair deformities sustained in World War I by the graft of tissue or the use of artificial materials such as silicone, some remarkable restorations have become possible. Severe burns and the removal of fairly extensive skin cancers leave scars that must be covered by skin grafts, breast reconstruction after mastectomy is another application. In addition to correcting a disfigurement, plastic surgery is often needed to restore vital movement and function of tissues that have been destroyed. Also performed for purely cosmetic, such as improving the shape of the nose, making outstanding ears closer to the head or lifting of the skin to erase wrinkles. Modern plastic surgeons often employ a TAC to produce computer-generated images used to plan or simulate complex reconstructive surgeries. The first descriptions of skin grafts date back to India around 800 BC, which served to obstruct the facial hole resulting from nose amputations. During the Renaissance, Ambroise Pare developed the art of the suture, leaving records in which describes both the tools and technique.

In the 19th century, new farming methods have been developed, ending earlier rudimentary and painful procedures. However, at that time the Catholic Church strongly opposes the promotion of science in general and specifically objected to the remodeling of the human form. But in the 20th century, when Europe faced severe mutilated faces of soldiers returning from the fronts of the First World War, the imperative to repair them grew, and plastic surgery, eventually earned a respected place in the medical profession. Then came World War II and once again, plastic surgeons used their skills to help their compatriots. This led to further advances in plastic surgery. Then in the 1950s, plastic surgery was fully integrated into the medical community. In the 1960s, the concept of plastic surgery grew in the consciousness of the American public as more doctors performed plastic surgery procedures.

Also in this decade, silicone was first used in plastic surgery and became part of our culture. Now, in the 1970s, the plastic surgeon became one of the leading medical professions. And in the 1980s, plastic surgery was expanding all over the country. In the 1990s, thousands of plastic surgeons and the numbers continue to grow, albeit at today. Now there are thousands of plastic surgeons, offering a variety of plastic surgery procedures to patients not only in America but worldwide. Plastic surgery was once only for the very rich has become affordable for almost all Americans.

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