Fabio Army

Posted July 6th, 2015 by Suzy

The War in Italy Hannibal Hasdrubal policy changes. Conflicts between turbolitanos (allies of Carthage) and Sagunto (ally of Rome), push the two powers to an inevitable war. Reopening of hostilities with the conquering Romans in 219 the city of Sagunto was allied to Rome but was within the limits of Carthaginian influence. This is the beginning of the second Punic war. The Carthaginians were no match for the Romans by sea because of the naval superiority of the latter. Knowing this, partly from Hispania to Italy through the Alps. Hannibal led an army of 70,000 North Africans and Iberians through southern France (Gaul, Narbonne), and crossed the Alps in winter. His invasion of Italy occurred by surprise. He had built a fleet and was thought impossible for him to cross the mountains. Certainly, the casualties were important, while also affected his war elephants, of which only three survived.However, spring came to northern Italy with an army of 26,000 troops, disbanding the tribe without a struggle taking taurinii and its capital, Turin. The Romans, led by Scipio, tried to attack him when he was not ready, but a detachment commanded Numidians Maharbal rejected them in a skirmish on the River Ticino. Scipio, who was injured in the clash, was saved thanks to the courage of his son 17 years (later Scipio Africanus), retired to Piacenza, defending the passage of the Po river at that height. Hannibal crossed the river upstream from Piacenza, turning to him, and offering battle to the Romans to reach the city.Scipio, realizing the superiority of the Carthaginian cavalry, rejected the fight and was surprised by the defection of an ally Gallic contingent decided to retire at dawn across the river Trebia, awaiting the arrival of the second consular army under the command of Tiberius Sempronius Longus . This imposed a criterion of an imminent engagement with the Punic army, ignoring the wise advice of Scipio against the measure. Battles of Hannibal Hannibal in Italy provided a body of riders who crossed the river Trebia and attracted the attention of the Roman army, which, having crossed the frozen river in full, without having eaten breakfast and reckless, met head-on with the army Punic, dry and ready for battle. This was the battle of Trebia, where only 10,000 Romans could escape (from an army of 40,000 men), while low of Hannibal were scarce. The Romans withdrew, leaving Hannibal the control of northern Italy.The support of the Gallic tribes and cities in Italy was not as expected, and many Roman landowners burned their homes to prevent looting (leading indirectly to landlordism later). Despite this resistance, Hannibal was able to reinforce its army to have 50,000 soldiers. The following year, elected Roman consul Gaius Flaminius, hoping he would beat Hannibal. Flaminio Arretio planned an ambush. However, Hannibal received reports of the attack and overcame the army ambushed, crossing a swampy region for four days and three nights, on an odyssey that cost him two of his elephants and vision in one eye, but guaranteed him a place direct to Rome. The consul, completely surprised, he was forced to chase, and became ambushed ambushed in Lake Trasimeno, where Roman troops were surrounded and destroyed, killing the same Flaminio at the hands of a Frenchman whose tribe had been submitted by the Roman years ago.Despite the victory, and the requests of his generals, Hannibal proceeded to the siege of Rome, since, apart from that lacked proper equipment and site did not have a supply base in central Italy, had to weaken the force of resistance Rome destroyed again and again the best of his army. So he went to southern Italy in the hope of inciting a rebellion among the Greek cities of the south, allowing it to have more economic resources to defeat the Romans. Meanwhile, veteran Fabius Maximus was appointed dictator of Rome, and decided it was better to avoid future battles because of the superiority of the Carthaginian cavalry. Instead, he tried to cut the supply lines of Hannibal, ravaging fields and harassing his army. These operations are now known as Fabian tactics, and earned him the nickname Cunctator (retarder).These tactics did not have great support from people who wanted a quick end to war, so when the commander of the cavalry, Minucius, won a small victory over the Carthaginians, was appointed dictator like Fabio.

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